p18mos1a4h1ekd1u6m7jq19ss1jkr7Ever since Independence, India has stepped in her palmy days and begun her triumphant march towards the long road of development, not only for the upliftment of the social and economical status of her people, but also has put forth her head and shoulders in quest of ways and means to keep the administrative machinery in leading strings so to say, the pink of perfection.

In the Initial days, when the Government were formed by the British, only the Revenue Department headed by the Collectors, played the vital role of multifarious, activities of general administration, maintenance of Law and order and justice, urban and rural development and other developmental activities, maintenance of Irrigation sources, roads, construction works, drinking water supply, vital statistics, malaria and cholera eradication schemes, upliftment of poor and downtrodden, particularly scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, collection of commercial taxes, land revenue and allied taxes, administration of district and sub-treasuries, etc. at the district level.

But when the country put forth blossoms of Democratic Republic, since 26th January 1950, the Government besides state level, at the district level too started speeding up the enormous developmental activities by leaps and bounds. They desired to implement the Gandhian policy of establishing Panchayat Raj in word and deed all over the country. The main aim is that the common man should be afforded services at his doors, which were conspicuous by their absence in the original administrative setjjp. Accordingly, the Government planned to revitalise the administrative set up and implement the various Community Development Schemes, at block level by grouping official representatives of all departments in-charge of in the various spheres of welfare measures viz, Panchayat, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Medical, Engineering, etc. under one roof. Normally, each taluk would comprise two to three blocks to attend to all these developmental activities. The Government in order to implement the successive Five Year Plans, more effectively, allotted funds for each scheme, to the States and were of the object that each pie spent, should be in the interest of common man, particularly in rural areas. But, they felt the inadequacy of the administrative machineryunder a single department. After careful consideration, they consid the need of formation of Block level set up as stated above and  separate departments for each scheme of developmental activitle 1 order to achieve the object of prosperity in fields through the block  1 officers according to the increasing needs of the people.

In order to implement the schemes, borne out or the policies as visualised, the administrative set up, which could fully cope up with the expectations was thought of. The result is the emergence of various Heads of Departments, viz, Agriculture, Horticulture, Sericulture, Agricultural Engineering, Cooperation, Municipal Administration, Panchayat Development, Animal Husbandry, Adi Dravidar and Tribal welfare, Backward Classes welfare, Employment and Training, Industries, besides various Undertakings, Corporations, Federations and Boards, vested with autonomous powers, under the control of Chairmen and Directors. Brief accounts of the pattern of the various departments (i.e. organisation set up) brought out in consonance with the changing needs of the society are as follows.

The various schemes implemented, target and achievements and welfare measures undertaken by major departments, such as Revenue, Panchayat Development, Municipal Administration, Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering Highways and Rural Works, Cooperation, Industries, Transport Education, Medical, etc. are detailed in depth in other chapters, covering the respective departments.

Department of Agriculture : The department of Agriculture implements the Intensive Foodgrain Production Programmes like High Yielding Varieties Programme, Intensive Agricultural Area Programme, Pulses Development Programme and Intensive Cultivation Programme for cotton and sugarcane, supporting these field programmes with supply of quality inputs in sufficient quantities at right time, according to the needs of the agriculturists.

Besides, efforts are being taken by the department to bring the benefits of modern technology to the small farmers and landless labourers and raise their standard of living by introducing improved agriculture, subsidiary occupations and supplementary employment opportunities. For this purpose, various welfare schemes like Integrated Rural Development Programme, National Rural Employment Programme etc. are being implemented through the department. The schemes implemented by the department, target and achievements, etc, areDuties attached to the officers at different levels: The Joint Director of Agriculture draws the production programme for the district and sees that it is duly implemented at Village level. He undertakes periodical reviews and coordinates all aspects including inputs supply to achieve this programme through Training and Visit System. He undertakes discussion in regard to the technical matters relevant to the district crop and season with the research personnel at the monthly workshop and finalises the recommendations to be passed on to the farmers in the succeeding month. He convenes the District Technical Committee, reviews and formulates the recommendations, demonstrations and trials. He also plans and organises the training programmes, and watches the proper implementation of the programmes. Further, he guides and reviews the work of the Subject Matter Specialists. He is having liaison with the land based departments in the field of Horticulture, Oil Seeds, Agricultural Marketing, Agricultural Engineering, Seed Certification, etc.

Functions of the Deputy Directors –

Deputy Director (Training and Visit.) : He coordinates all activities under Training and Visit at district level and assists the Joint Director of Agriculture in the successful implementation of Training and Visit Programme. He is in charge of supervision of the field staff, and maintains the Agricultural Extension Project functionaries, by giving guidance then and there.

Deputy Director, Agronomy : He       is          in-charge         of         preparation      ofdetailed crop production techniques after evaluating the current agronomic practices of the area. He plans and guides in adopting research trials besides organising demonstrations, minikits and crop estimation survey.Deputy Director – Plant Protection ; He takes up the survey of the pests and diseases of crops in the area, organises plant protection measures, particularly large scale plant protection measures in endemic areas. He forecasts the incidence of pests and diseases through pe#t surveillance methods and makes arrangements for fhe supply of pesticides and equipments.

Deputy Director (Information and Training) He coaches communication techniques to the extension staff. He shoulders the responsibility of making all efforts for all seminars, workshops and exhibitions conducted by the department in the district. He maintains liaison with Press, All India Radio and other mass media Besides, he guides the field staff, in regard to extension techniques and preparation and use of extension aids.

Deputy Director (Seeds) : He is responsible for multiplication and distribution of the quality seeds. He supervises the work of the Assistant Director (Seeds) and also the Agricultural Officers (Depot) He makes necessary arrangements for the timely supply of seeds and pesticides through the 19 Agricultural Depots in the district,

Assistant Director of Agriculture (Training and Visit): He is in over all charge of the implementation of all the Extension programmes in his jurisdiction and exercises full techincal, finanical and administrative control of the staff of his area.

Subject Matter Specialists (taluk level): These specialists impart training to the Agricultural Officers and Assistant Agricultural Officers in their respective disciplines, (Agronomy, Plant Protection and Information). Besides, they supervise field trials, and demonstrations, conduct pest surveillance, and are in-charge of editing and printing extension materials, projection of films, etc. They also assist the Assitant Director (Training and Visit) towards proper implemetation of the Training and Visit Scheme, in their respective sphere.

Agricultural Officers : The Agricultural Officers at Panchayat Union level, supervise and guide the Assistant Agricultural Officers in building up their professional competence in performing their duties The Agricultural Officers are responsible for conducting field trials and Organising field days. They also conduct crop cutting experiments and demonstrations, and assess the yield.

Adi-Dravidar and Tribal Welfare Department  The department of Adi Dravidar and Tribal Welfare was started in the year 1949 on the recommendation of the committee constituted under the chairmanship 0f the then Minister for Adi, Dravidar Welfare in 1949. Prior to this, the Adl-Dravldar welfare activities were looked after by the Commissioner of Labour. The organisation set up of this department at various levels is as follows,

Director of Adi-Dravidar and Tribal Welfare is the head of the department Ho Is assisted by the following officers.

Joint Director (General) 1 (ii) Joint Director (Tribal Welfare) 1 (iii) Financial Adviser-cumAccounts Officer 1 (iv) Deputy Director (Education) 1 (v) Economist 1 (vi) Sociologist 1 (vii) Assistant Director (Education) 1 (Viii) Personal Assistant to the Director 1 (ix) Accounts Officer 1 (X) Research Officer 1 (xi) Superintendents 16 (xii) Research Assistant 2 (xiii) Technical Assistant 1 (xiv) Publicity Officer 1 (xv) Junior Research Assistants 2 (xvi) Investigators 2 (xvii) Assistants 44 (xviii) Propaganda Assistant 1 (xix) Investigators (Assistant Cadre) 2 (xx) Cinema Project Operator 1 (xxi) Upper Division Steno 1 (xxii) Junior Assistants 23 (xxiii) Lower Division Stenos(xxlv) Typists 13 and (xxv) Record Clerks 6.

In Kanniykumari district, the District Adi-Dravidars Welfare Officer is working under the direct administrative control of the Collector, who is looking after the welfare measures undertaken in the distrct for the Adi Dravidars and tribes. The District Adi-Dravidar Welfare Officer has complementary staff consisting of an Assistant Accounts Officer, special Tahsildar (Adi dravidar Welfare), a Superintendent, one Head Accountant, Overseer and other ministerial staff, to implement the orders of the Collector. Among other things, grant of scholarships to the Adi-Dravidar students is also one of the items attached to the Director of Adi-Dravidar and Tribal welfare. The District Adi Dravidar Welfare Officer is looking after the implementation of various schemes connected with the welfare of Adi-Dravidars, and Tribes and maintenance and management of Adi-Dravidar and Tribal Welfare Hostels, Schools, Government Tribal Residential Schools, acquisition of lands for providing house sites, roads to burial grounds, provision of culverts etc. with the help of the above staff. For details regarding this department the chapter under the caption “Other Social Services” may be referred to.

Department of Agricultural Marketing : The Agricultural Marketing Department was created and started functioning with effect fromOctober 1979, with Headquarters at Madras. Later on, the Directorate was shifted to Tiruchirappalli and it is functioning there from 1 December 1979.

The objectives of this department are to establish regulated markets tor buying and selling agricultural products, with a view to help the farmers to get fair price, grading and quality control works of agriculture and animal husbandry products under ‘Agmark’ schemes for the benefit of consumers, to maintain purity of cotton and prevention of admixture of different varieties of kapas and lint in ginning and pressing factories under cotton certification and enforcement scheme, commercial grading of agricultural produce and kapas grading in regulated markets, to help the agriculturists to get remunerative prices for their produce, and to educate them on the importance of grading in marketing, to train the personnel like Assistant Agricultural Officers and Supervisors of regulated markets on the methods and techniques under ‘Agmark’ and commercial grading activities in order to improve their efficiency in marketing of agricultural produce, and to conduct surveys on marketing to know the trends of marketing.

The Director of Agricultural Marketing is the head of the department.3 He is assisted by a Deputy Director of Agriculture (Marketing), three Assistant Directors, three Agricultural Officers, an Administrative Officer and other supporting staff. There are 14 market committees, functioning with Special Officers, Secretaries, Regulated Market Superintendents, Supervisors and other supporting staff. Apart from this, 35 ‘Agmark’ labs, each under the control of an Agricultural Officer, 15 Agricultural Officers (Marketing Centres) 11 Kapas Grading Centres, each in-charge of an Agricultural Officer, 102 commodity grading Centres, each under the supervision of Agricultural Officer and Assistant Agricultural Officers, and other supporting staff are functioning in the State.

In Kanniyakumari district, there are two State Agmark Grading Laboratories functioning one each at Nagercoil and Kuzhithurai. The Nagercoil Laboratory commenced its function on 1 November 1974 with an Agricultural Officer (Chemistry), a Junior Assistant (Security) and a Laboratory Assistant

The Marthandam Laboratory is functioning at Kuzhithurai fr 1 April 1982, with an Agricultural Officer (Chemistry), Junior Assistant-Typist, Laboratory Assistant and a Laboratory Boy.

Under the Kanniyakumari Market committee, the regulated markets are functioning in the following places of the district. – viz. Vadasery Kulasekaram, Monday Market, Thoduvetti, Kaliyakkavilai and Ethamozhi

Department of Animal Husbandry :

The activities of Animal Husbandry Department are three fold. They are (1) augmenting the production capacity of livestock and their products

providing necessary and timely health coverage for livestock and (3) providing additional rural employment potential through livestock subsidiary occupation for increasing the economic status of the weaker sections of the society and also the under-previleged who are below the poverty line.

The Director of Animal Husbandry is in-charge of this department.4 Under his control, a Director in the rank of Additional Director of Animal Husbandry for the Institute of Veterinary Preventive Medicine (IVPM) Ranipet, four Additional Directors, one for Veterinary Services, another for Schemes and Farms, third one for Livestock Development, and the last one for Cattle Breeding Farm at Eachenkottai, and 19 Joint Directors (of whom 15 for regions, 1 for Government Dairy farm, Madhavaram, another for Extension Services, one for Special Schemes, and the last one for statistics) are working. The Director is also assisted by Chief Personnel Officer, Personal Assistant, Financial Adviser and Chief Accounts Officer, Administrative Officers, Deputy Directors, Specialists, Clinicians, Assistant Directors, Assistant Project Officers, Senior Research Officer, Research Officers, Assistant Research Officers, Research Assistants, Veterinary Assistant Surgeons, Veterinary and Livestock Inspectors grade I and II, to implement the various programmes of the department.

Kanniyakumari district forms part of Tirunelveli Region and a Joint Director of Animal Husbandry heads this region. There is one Deputy Director for key villages scheme and two Assistant Directors of Animal Husbandry, one at Nagercoil and another at Thuckalay, who are all working under the control of the Regional Joint Director of Animal Husbandry, Tirunelveli. These Assistant Directors look after all the Animal Husbandry activities in their respective jurisdiction. This department has

two veterinary hospitals, one each at Nagercoil and Thuckalay and a mobile unit at Nagercoil, besides 14 Veterinary Dispensaries in the district to cater to the needs of the livestock health care are also functioning. Also there are Poultry Extension Centre at Kottaram, a Disease Free Zone at Nagercoil, to eradicate rinderpest among the livestock, a Rinderpest District Squad to undertake rinderpest preventive vaccination of susceptible livestock, and a rinderpest checkpost at Kavalkinaru. For more details, the chapter on “Agriculture and Irrigation” of this Gazetteer may be referred.

Backward Classes Welfare Department:

This Department is in charge of the implementation of welfare schemes for the uplift of members of the backward classes and denotified communities of the State.5 The Director of the Backward Classes is the Head of the Department in the State. Under this control, an Accounts Officer, a Special Officer, a Personal Assistant an Administrative Officer, 20 District Backward Classes Welfare Officers, a Special Deputy Collector, (Kallar Reclamation-Madurai) and other complementary staff are functioning. In Kanniyakumari District, the Collector, is in charge of implementing the various schemes for the welfare of the Backward classes. He is assisted by the District Backward Classes Welfare Officer, who is in the grade of Deputy Collector. He is attached with necessary complementary staff for the speedy implementation of various schemes and programmes. This department maintains schools and hostels in the district It awards scholarships and boarding grants to the eligible Backward Class students every year. Tools are supplied to the deserving members of Backward Classes. Maintenance of cottage industries for the benefit of denotified communities and Backward Classes, subsidies-cum-loans for the construction of dhobikanas and subsidy for construction of houses are also granted by this department to the eligible members of Backward Class. The Director of Backward Classes is looking after the speedy implementation of various schemes referred to at taluk level.

Cooperation Department:

The Cooperative Movement has to make an impressive progress in various fields of development in Tamil Nadu viz., credit, marketing and processing of agricultural produce, supply of fertilizers and distribution of essential commodities at subsidised price to both urban and rural population, through fair price shops.


Deputy Registrars and Other Supporting staff.Kanniyakumari Region was formed with effect from 4 November 1981 with headquarters at Nagercoil. The departmental officials who are working in Kanniyakumari region are as follows

Joint Registrar (Nagercoil) 2. Deputy Registrar (Nagercoil)

Deputy Registrar ( Thuckalai) 4. Deputy Registrar or Project Officer (NABARD) (Nagercoil, Collectorate) (NABARD – National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) 5. Deputy Registrar, Public Distribution System 6. Assistant Director of Cooperation (Audit)-Nagercoil

Special Officer (Central Cooperative Bank) – Nagercoil 8. Special Officer (Cooperative Wholesale Stores) – Nagercoil 9. Assistant Project Officer (Cooperation) attached to District Rural Development Agency – (DRDA) – Nagercoil 10. Deputy Registrar (Special Officer) Karungal Farmers Service Cooperative Society 11. Special Officer (FSIS) – Eraniel 12. Deputy Registrar (Dairy) j Nagercoil and 13. Deputy Registrar (PDS)

During 1985-86, there were 118 cooperative credit societies and 14 cooperative societies functioning in the district in which about 2,28,835 members were enrolled. Regarding implementation of various schemes introduced by the Government from time to time and also the activities oftho above official# in various nphuras are discussed in detail in the chapter under head “Banking, Trade and Commerce” of this Gazetteer.

Department of commercial taxes :

In ancient days, Sites Tax or taxes similar to sales tax were levied in many countries, According to “Manu” a tax of 5 per cent oh the cost price of marketed goods, as on ascertained by experienced men, well acquainted with all goods bought or sold was a chief source of revenue to the State. Indian kingdom like Maurian Empire had effective control over the department, which was Incharge of collection of all items of revenue, which included tax, referred to.

This department administers the following fiscal laws :

Tamil Nadu General Sales Tax Act, 1959

Tamil Nadu Additional Sales Tax Act, 1970

Tamil Nadu Sales Tax (Surcharge) Act, 1971

Central Sales Tax Act, 1956

Tamil Nadu Entertainment Tax Act, 1939

Tamil Nadu Local Authorities Finance Act, 1961

Tamil Nadu Betting Tax Act, 1935

Tamil Nadu Tax on Luxuries in Hotels and Lodging Houses Act, 1981 and

Tamil Nadu Advertisement Tax Act, 1981.

The major collection is divided under the Commercial Sales Tax Law of the State, which had come into effect from 1 October 1939. The Department of Commercial Taxes, Madras, is at present headed        by aCommissioner, (Supertime scale IAS Officer) and he is assisted       by4JointCommissioners, 17 Deputy Commissioners, 84, Assistant Commissioners, 206 Commercial Tax Officers, 574 Deputy Commercial Tax Officers, 1151 Assistant Commercial Tax Officers, 8 Managers, Superintendents, and other supporting staff, This department has 9 Commercial Tax Divisions, 34 Commercial the Districts and 275 Assessment Circles in the State. The divisions are Madras (South), Madras (North), Madras (Central), Vellore, Coimbatore, Trichy, Madurai and Tirunelveli. Each Commercial.

Division has three or more Commercial Tax Districts.

Kanniyakumari district comes under the control of the Tirunelv* Commercial Tax Division, which is under the control of a Depui Commissioner of Commercial Taxes. Five Assessment Circles are als functioning in the district, in Nagercoil (Rural), Nagercoil (Town Nagercoil (Tower Junction), Kuzhithurai and Thuckalay.

There are 17 Appellate Assistant Commissioners functioning in thi State. They are having jurisdiction over the Assessment Circles. The Appellate Assistant Commissioner, Tirunelveli has Jurisdiction over al Assessment Circles in Tirunelveli Kattabomman, V.O. Chidambaranai and Kanniyakumari Commercial Tax Districts.

Safes Tax Appellate Tribunal I There is also Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal functioning with main Bench at Madras, and three Additional Benches at Madras, Madurai and Coimbatore. The main Bench is headed by Chairman, who is in the rank of District Judge, and assisted by a Second Member, who is an officer of Indian Audit and Accounts Service or in the rank of Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax or a Chartered Accountant having not less than 5 years practical experience and also being a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

The Additional Benches are headed by Departmental members, who are in the rank of Deputy Commissioner of Commercial Taxes. The Additional Bench located at Madurai has overall control over the Districts of Tirunelveli, Trichy, Pudukottai, Madurai, Ramanathapuram, V.O. Chidambaranar and Kanniyakumari.

Enforcement Wing : An Enforcement Wing with two Deputy Commissioners of Commercial Taxes Department is also functioning at Madurai and Madras – under the control of the Deputy Commissioner (Enforcement wing) Madurai, one Assistant Commissioner (Enforcement wing) Tirunelveli, is functioning. The Assistant Commissioner (Enforcement), Tirunelveli has jurisdiction over Kanniyakumari district. One major check post at Kaliakkavilai is maintained by this department in the district.Department of Employment and Training:

The National Employment Service is the joint responsibility of the Government of India and the State Government as well. The Government of India, are from time to time, laying down National Policies, establishing standard and procedures, and coordinating the work of the Employment Services, while the Government of Tamil Nadu are providing employment to those who have registered their names in the respective Employment Exchanges, commensurate with their educational qualifications and skill, in Government Offices, Corporations, Boards and other Undertakings of the Government, according to seniority. For the purpose of registration of unemployed persons, there are employment exchanges functioning in each district.

The Director of Employment and Training, Madras is the head of the department.8 He is assisted by three Joint Directors two Deputy Directors, seven Assistant Directors and three District Employment Officers. A Publicity Officer, a Statistician, a Programmer and a Programme Statistician, – all in the cadre of District Employment Officer are looking after the implementation of various programmes referred to, in the following paragraphs.

Four Regional Directorates, each headed by a Deputy Director, have been set up at Madurai, Trichy, Coimbatore and Madras to inspect the Employment Exchanges. The Employment Exchanges, Madurai, Anna, Ramanathapuram, Kamarajar, Pasumpon Muthuramalingam, Tirunelveli, V.O. Chidambaranar and Kanniyakumari districts lie in Madurai Region while Trichy, Pudukkottai, Thanjavur and South Arcot districts lie in Trichy Region. Coimbatore, the Nilgiris, Salem, Dharmapuri and Periyar Districts are in Coimbatore Region while Madras, Chingleput, Vellore and North Arcot districts are in Madras Region.

The primary functions of the State Directorate of Employment are administration and control of the Employment Exchanges, coordination of their activities and also to ensure that uniform policies and procedures are observed at the Employment Offices without any discrimination whatsoever.

Implementation of Programmes:

The Directorate is in charge of implementing the following programmes:-1 The Employment Market Information I’myinmrnti 2, Infoof Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act 1959 and rules thereto. 3. Vocational guidance programme 4 Study Centre 5. Occupational Research and Analys, staff rminingComputerisation Scheme 8. Schema for unemployment Relief (Tamil Nadu 9. Special Cell for Scheduled Castes/Scheduled cast 10. Inspection of Employment Exchanges 11, Publicity Unit 12 ^ Screen Printing Unit 13. Apprenticeship Schema and 14 RehaWlltatlor of Burma/Sri Lanka Repatriates.

The Administrative set up in the Directorate is an follows :

District Employment OfficersIn every district, there is a District Employment Office located at the respective district headquarters, In Madras, Tiruchirappalli, Coimbatore, Madurai and North Arcot district, there are separate District Employment Offices for technical persons to deal with technical personnel below university degree level and craftsmen and other experienced technical persons and vacancies pertaining to them. The main functions of the District Employment Officers are

Registration and placement

Collection of employment data under tho Employment Market Information Programme.

Vocational Guidance and Employment Counselling, and

Enforcement of the Employment Exchanges Act 1959.

Organisation and Functions of the Training wing of the Dopurtmont ol Employment and Training : The administration of the Employment Organisation and the Craftsmen Training Scheme was under the control of the Government of India, Ministry of Labour and Employment till 31 October 1956. The Administration of these two wings was transferred to the State Government with effect from 1 Novembr 1956. Originally the Employment Organisation had been placed under the control of Commissioner of Labour as a separate wing of the Labour department, while the training organisation had been placed under the control of the Director of Industries and Commerce. At the instance of the Government of India, the Government examined the question of merger of both Employment Service and Craftsmen Training Schemes under control of the officers responsible for their administration. It was therefore decided that both the wings in this State were merged and brought under thecontrol of the head of the department. Accordingly, this Department ot Employment and Training was formed (as a new department as per G.O.Ms.No.4545 (Labour), dated 18 March 1963), Inter-alia” for implementing the scheme relating to the Craftsmen Training Scheme and Apprenticeship Training Scheme. One Joint Director, Craftsmen Training and one Joint Director, Apprenticeship Training are assisting the Director of Employment and Training.

This Department is in-charge of training the skilled craftsmen under Vocational Training Programme required for various industries. The implementation of number of schemes for the development of industries during the proceeding Five Year Plans both in private and public sectors has resulted in significant demand for such trained personnel in various technical trades. Keeping this in view, various schemes mentioned below are implemented under the training wing of the Directorate of employment and training.

Administration of Industrial Training Institutes/Centres as per NCVT pattern implementing Craftsmen Training Programme

Apprenticeship Training under Apprenticeship Act 1961

Training of craftsmen in private Aided Industrial Schools under the code of regulations for Industrial Schools.

Evening Class Scheme for Industrial Workers

Advanced Vocational Training System Scheme

Staff Training Programme at Industrial Training Institute, Ambattur, Madras.

Crash Programme

Scheme for short term training of Rural Youth for Self- Employment.

Curriculum Development Cell

Work and Orientation TrainingDetails of the Officials attached to the Training wing are –

(1) Joint Director (Craftsmen Training) 1 (2) Joint Director (Apprenticeship Training) 1 (3) Deputy Directors of Training / Deputy Apprenticeship Adviser 6 (4) Regional Deputy Directors 4 (5) Accounts Officer 1 (6) Assistant Director of Training (Industrial School) \ (7) Assistant Director of Training (Apprentices Act) 2 (8) Administrative Officer 17 (9) (a) Principals of ITI 3 (b) Principals in the Grade of Deputy Director 8 (10) Special Officer-Curriculum Development Cell  (a) Assistant Director of Training for Related Instruction Centrse at Ambattur, Guindy, North Madras, Trichy, Hosur, Madurai, Coimbatore, Salem, Tirunelveli, Vellore and Cuddalore. (b) Vice-Principals of Industrial Training Institutes including III shift 15 (12) Superintendents 3 and (13) Assistant Accounts Officer 1.

The number of technical and non-technical staff working in the department are 2017 and 1304 respectively.

As regards Kanniyakumari District, a District Employment Office is functioning, under the control of District Employment Officer to cater to the needs of unemployed persons belonging to the district. As on 30 November 1988, as per the live register of this office, there were 103912 persons waiting for employment, which included 43989 women candidates. Particulars of persons (skilled, semi-skilled, graduates, under- graduates and others) to whom employment has been provided from 1970 to 1986 are given in detail in the chapter under the head “Economic Trends” of this Gazetteer.

To alleviate the distress of the unemployed educated youth, Government have formulated a scheme for the payment of an allowance as a measure of unemployment relief to certain categories of job-seekers with effect from July 1980.

As per the scheme, Government sanction a sum of Rs.50 to the SSLC, Rs.75 for PUC or Higher Secondary School Certificate holders, and Rs.100 for the graduates whose parent’s monthly income does not exceed Rs.2000. Under this scheme, since 1 July 1980 to

September 1988, a sum of Rs. 124.92 lakhs was spent for 10551 SSLC candidates, Rs.71.21 lakhs for 4669 PUC or Higher Secondary candidates, and Rs.60.58 lakhs for 1374 graduates in the district.

School Education ; The Director of School Education is the Chief Administrative Authority at State level for planning, monitoring and executing development schemes relating to the School Education and the State Council of Educational Research and Training.

The Director of School Education, who is the Head of the Department, is assisted by two Additional Directors, five Joint Directors, six Deputy Directors, eight Assistant Directors, one Financial Controller, Administrative Officer, Chief Accounts Officer, three personal Assistants, two Senior Accounts Officers, one Junior Accounts Officer and two Regional Accounts Officers in the State.

Also one Chief Inspector of Physical Education, for men and one Chief Inspectress of Physical Education for women and 16 Chief Educational Officers, an Inspector of Anglo-Indian Schools, an Inspector of Matriculation Schools, 16 Regional Inspectors of Physical Education for men, four Regional Inspectresses of Physical Education for women, 16 Field Officers for effective implementation of Chief Minister’s Noon Meal Programme, 51 District Educational Officers, 15 Inspectresses of Girls Schools, 367 Assistant Educational Officers, 411 Deputy Inspectors of Schools, 51 Deputy Inspectors of Schools for science vans, 35 Additional Deputy Inspectors of Schools and 92 Junior Deputy Inspectors of Schools are working in the State.

The district departmental head is the Chief Educational Officer, Nagercoil. The District Educational Officer, Thuckalay, Nagercoil and Kuzhithurai and an Inspectress of Girls Schools, Nagercoil, are responsible to step up the progress of Education in their respective jurisdiction. Nine Deputy Inspectors of Schools, are also working in the district for the inspection of schools, and for improving the standard of education.

Collegiate Education :

This Directorate is headed by a Director of Collegiate Education, and assisted by a Joint Director and a Deputy Director, Chief Accounts Officer, Special Officer (English), Assistant Director, Senior Accounts Officer, Special Officers I and II for scholarships, Personal Assistant to the Director and five Regional Deputy Directors of Collegiate Education at Madras, Trichy, Madurai, Tirunelveli and Coimbatore Regions.The Regional Deputy Director, Tirunelveli looks after the functions Qj this department, perlajniny to Kanniyakumari district. All the Colleges in the district come under the supervisory control of the Regional Deputy Director, Tirunelveli, DetalIs regarding the strength of each educational institution, subject?; taught, standard o1 education, medium of instructions, etc. are given in the Chapter titled “Education” of this Gazetteer.

Department of Flsherles

The Director of Fisheries b the Head of the Department. He is assisted by Joint Director?* of Fisheries, Deputy Director of Fisheries, Assistant Directors of Fisheries, Accounts Officer, an Engineering wing, and other supporting staff, A Staff Training Institute , is also run under the leadership of a Principal arid this institute is also under the control of the Director. The Director of Fisheries is also Managing Director of the Tamil Nadu Fisheries Development Corporation.

For the administrative convenience, this department has been divided into five Regions viz., Madras,, Nagapattinam, Coimbatore, Madurai and Tuticorin and each region is placed under the control of a Deputy Director of Fisheries.

Kanniyakumari district forms part of Tuticorin Region. The following officials are in charge of implementation of the schemes relating to the department in Kanniyakumari district Assistant Director NagercoilAssistant Director            Fisherman Training CentreColachel. Assistant Director Inshore Fishing StationKanniyakumari.

There is a Fish Farmers Development Agency in the district, which is functioning under the control of the District Collector. This agency is supervised by the Chief Executive Officer.

The Engineering Unit of this Directorate, under the control of the Superintending Engineer for Fishing Harbour Project Circle, is functioning at Nagercoil, The Superintending Engineer looks after the functions of the Chinnamuttam Fishing Harbour Project Division II, also. Inspectors of Fisheries, Sub-Inspectors of Fisheries, Cooperative Sub-Registrars, Senior Inspectors of Cooperative Societies, Sub-Assistant Inspectors, Fisherman, Fishing guards and foreman and ministerial staff are the complementary staff of this department.

Forest Department

Forest is one of the most important renewable natural asset, which forms a basic constituent of our environment. Forests maintain ecological balance, clean up air, regulate flow of springs, prevents floods and soil erosion, particularly for seasonal rains.

This Department is at present headed by a Principal Chief Conservator of Forests. At headquarters (Madras),he is assisted by a Chief Conservator of Forests (Planning and Development), Chief Wild Life Warden, in the rank of Chief Conservator of Forests, Chief Conservator of Forest (Social Forestry), and other technical and ministerial staff.

The wild Life Wing is divided into two regions, Southern Region with headquarters at Rajapalayam and Northern Region with headquarters at Vandalore. Each region is headed by a Conservator of Forest. In addition to this, for administrative convenience, this department has six territorial circles at Salem, Vellore, Coimbatore, Trichy, Madurai and Tirunelveli. The functional Circle has three Conservator of Forests, one each for Research, Working Plan, and Development. The Social Forestry Wing has one Chief Conservator of Forests, (SF), Research one Conservator of Forests, four conservators of forests one each at Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Salem and Tirunelveli regions.

Kanniyakumari district comes under the territorial circle of Tirunelveli, which is headed by a Conservator of Forests. The administration and protection of Forest in the Kanniyakumari district are under the control of District Forest Officer (Territorial) and Divisional Forest Officer (cloves) and Forest Protection Squad. These officials are placed under the direct control of the Conservator of Forests, Tirunelveli. The District Forest Officer supervises the forest administration and executes the developmental programmes in forestry in the district. The Divisional Forest Officer (Cloves) is in charge of the cloves plantations raised in the district.

Forest protection squad is headed by an Assistant Conservator of Forests, who is assisted by Rangers and Foresters* The main functions of the squad are protection of forests and detection of forest offences such as illicit felling of trees and smuggling of forest products and initiating criminal action against the offenders, The forest guards and watchers are in charge of beats and keep constant vigil on protection aspects, and supervise all items of work at field level.

In this district, during 1986-87, softwood plantation was raised in 40 hectares at a cost of Rs. 1.01 lakhs. This department has proposed to implement new schemes like water harvest, raising of plantation under Wasteland Development Programme during the Seventh Plan period. Albezzia Falcota tree species, which are mainly used for the construction of catamarans, are raised in the district.

As regards cloves, it is a dollar earning crop, which is being raised in the district in large scale, when compared to other southern districts. The Cloves Division is under the management of a Speical Divisional Forest Officer. The area under this plantation is 110 hectares. For its maintenance during 1986-87, a sum of Rs.8.51 lakhs was spent by this department.

Another major Plantation in the Forest areas of this district is ‘Rubber*. Till the year 1985-86, Rubber plantations were raised in 4785 hectares. Rubber plantation is looked after by a Chariman-Ci/m-Managing Director, who is assisted by General Manager and Divisional Managers in charge of divisions.

Fire Service Department

The Tamil Nadu Fire Service Department, which is functioning as a separate department since October 1967 is one of the largest and most efficient organisations of the State. This department is meant for saving life and property from destruction by fire. It attends to all activities designed towards prevention and extinguishing fire.

This department is not just a unit to prevent and put out fire but it does emergency relief services to the public; so to say, the department is service oriented and dedicated to the saving of public life and property, not only at times of fire accident but during all types of natural calamities like floods, cyclone, lightning, earthquake, building collapse, bites of poisonous wasps, venomous snakes and rabid dogs and the like. Thepeculiar feature is that it does not charge any fees for the services rendered in public interest since its services are free of cost.

This department also provides fire protection arrangements at times of fairs and festivals, attends to rescue of human lives and animals lives from disasters. Ambulances are also maintained by this department in major towns. The sick and injured are removed to hospitals for immediate medical aid at nominal hire charges. The services of this department are quite indispessable to the public round the clock. During elections, riots, etc., the services of the field personnel of this Department are utilised by the police. At the time of epidemic, the Fire service department assists the Public Health Department for eradication of diseases. Besides, the varied humanitarian services, the officers of this department are also charged with the duty of inspecting the premises licensed or be licensed are fire proof. In one way or other, just like police, the fire se.vice department is also helpful to the society in the prevention of major crimes, such as bootleggery, etc.

This department is under the administrative control of the Director of Fire Services, who is an Indian Police Service Officer, in the rank of Inspector General of Police. The State has been divided into three Regions, viz., North with headquarters at Madras, Central with headquarters at Tiruchirappalli and South with headquarters at Madurai. Each region is under the charge of a Deputy Director of Fire Service. Each region has been further sub-divided into Divisons, each comprising one or more districts, and each under the charge of a Divisional Fire Officer, who is assisted by an Assistant Divisional Fire Officer in the administration and operational work. At present, this department has 16 Divisions and 171 Fire Stations under its control.

The fire service activities of Kanniyakumari district, at present is looked after by the Divisional Fire Officer Nagercoil, and under his control, five Fire Stations, one each at Nagercoil, Kanniyakumari, Kulasekaram, Padmanabhapuram and Kuzhithurai, are functioning.

Each Fire service station is under the command of a Station Fire Officer, two Leading Firemen, Firemen Drivers and Firemen. During 1986, the number of leading firemen in the district was seven, the number of Firemen Drivers 13 and Firemen 49.12 During 1985, the Fire service department attended 128 fire calls, of which properties worth of Rs.42.80 lakhs were safeguarded, and 23 persons were rescued. Thus, the department is doing an excellent job, in public interest.Highways and Rural Works Department

This department is in charge of planning, designing, construction and maintenance of roads and bridges in Tamil Nadu, and offers technical guidance to the Panchayat unions in respect of Rural Works Programme and repairs to Minor Irrigation tanks having a water spread area of less than 50 acres. This department is chalking out plans for road system efficiently within the resources available. The Chief Engineer (Highways and Rural works) is having overall control on all establishment matters and on taking policy decisions. The department is the executing agency for constructing buildings under Tamil Nadu Integrated Nutrition Project in the State and ‘DANIDA’ Scheme in selective places. Apart from the regular Chief Engineer, there are six other special Chief Engineers, viz.,

(i) Chief Engineer, National Highways (ii) Chief Engineer, Pamban Bridge Project (iii) Director, Highways Research Station; (iv) Chief Engineer, National Highways 45; (v) Chief Engineer (Highways) Tamil Nadu Urban Development Programme; and (iv) Chief Engineer (Highways) East Coast Road.

This department maintains as much as 39,912 kilometres length of roads which include National Highways (Urban), State Highways, Major District Roads and other District Roads.

The Government have been concentrating on the development of rural areas which are in need of communication facilities. Besides rural roads scheme and schemes in respect of bus routes taken over, the rural roads are being improved under Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) with full financial assistance from Government of India.

The staffing pattern Is:

Chief Engineer Highways and Rural Works Department (ii) Senior Deputy Chief Engineer (H & RW) (iv) Senior Deputy Chief Engineer (Planning) (iii) Senior Deputy Chief Engineer (Technical Cell) (v) Deputy Chief Engineer (RLEGP) and (Vi) Accounts Officer (Common).

Their complementary staff consist of Personal Assistants, Additional Personal Assistants, Technical Assistants, Chief Head Draughtsman and Deputy Accounts Officers.The field staff of this department consist of nine superintending Engineers. Of them, three for designs, mechanical and traffic cell and four others for regions and two for Investigation wings. These Investigation wings are functioning atTrichy and Villupuram.

The Madras Region includes Madras, Chingleput, South Arcot and North Arcot, districts while Trichy region consists of Trichy, Pudukkottai, Thanjavur, Madurai and Anna districts. The Coimbatore region consists of the Nilgiris, Salem and Dharmapuri districts and the Tirunelveli region comprises of Tirunelveli, Kottabomman, V.O. Chidambaranar. Kanniyakumari, Kamarajar, Pasumpon, Muthuramalingam and Ramanathapuram districts.

Under the control of the Superintending Engineers, the Engineering subordinates working are Divisional Engineers, Assistant Divisional Engineers, Assistant Engineers, Junior Engineers, Union Engineers and Union Overseers.

In Kanniyakumari district, this department is functioning at Nagercoil under the control of the Divisional Engineer (H&RW) and under the supervisory control of the Superintending Engineer (H) Tirunelveli. The Divisional Engineer is responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of the entire roads and net work in this district. He is also in charge of the construction of various bridges and new roads, sanctioned by the Government every now and then. He is also the technical head, for all the Development Programmes undertaken by the panchayat unions. The district comprises of 4 taluks.

Every taluk has a sub-division headed by an Assistant Divisional Engineer who is responsible for the maintenance of all roads vested with Government. He is also incharge of new bridge construction and formation of new roads. He is Technical Officer to supervise and control the developmental programmes implemented in the Panchayat Union set up. He is assisted by an Assistant Engineer for effectively supervising the road system. The Union Engineers supervise the road works lying in Panchayat Union limits. At present, under the immediate control of the Divisional Engineer, Nagercoil, four Assistant Divisional Engineers, one each at Nagercoil, Thovalai, Thuckalai and Kuzhithurai are working. Under the control of the Assistant Divisional Engineer, Nagercoil an Assistant Engineer, at Nagercoil, two Union Engineers, one at Agasthiswaram and the other at Rajakkamangalam are working, TheAssistant Divisional Engineer, Thovalai has an Assistant Inglrtr^, Union Engineer. Under the control of the Assistant Divisional Thuckalai, an Assistant Engineer and three Union EngineerThuckalai, Kurunthencode and Tiruvattar are working.

The Assistant Divisional Engineer, Kuzhithurai is having control an Assistant Engineer, and three Union Engineers of Molpurmn, Kiliiyou, and Munchirai Panchayat Unions.

Each Divisional Engineer is also assisted by a Divisional Accountant and Manager, Superintendent and a Head Draughtsman, in Speedy execution of various works.

The supporting staffs of the Assistant Engineers and Union Engineer at field level are designated as Road Inspectors. They control the work of Road Gang Mazdoors and contract labourers. For more dotails, regarding the various schemes executed, funds provided and method of execution, kindly refer the Chapter-VII. “Communications’ of this Gazetteer.

Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department

The Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department was let up in 1960 for the purpose of the administration of the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments , Mutts and Jain Endowments, and also for the preservation of precious and ancient inscriptions, sculptures, copper plates and ornaments jewels and other funds in the temples.

This Department is under the control of a Commissioner (Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments) at Madras, who is assisted by 2 Joint Commissioners, 8 Deputy commissioners and 17 Assistant Commissioners in the whole State. These officers are the statutory authorities for the proper implementation of the various provisions of tho Tamil Nadu Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act 1959 (Tamil Nadu Act, 22 of 1959).

Besides the above officials, there are Verification Officers In the cadre of Assistant Commissioners, who along with a complementary staff, ippraise and evaluate the Jewels and other valuables belonging to thoinstitutions There ts a Personal Assistant to the  rank of Deputy Commissioner, find an Additional Assistant       Commissioner in         the            rank     of Deputy Commissioner! Inthe admimstratrve side,

A Chief Audit Officer is functioning in this department with the necessary complement of subordinate officers and staff for itudiiifiy the accounts of the various refcgious institutions all over the State,

In addition, there is an engineering wing, headed by a Superintending Engineer drawn from Highways Department by a Divisional Engineer and necessary supervisory officers and staff in the districts for the preparation of estimates and execution of find construction works of H ndu Religious Institutions.

A Revenue wing v.ith a Special Officer in the cadre of District Revenue Officer and five Special Tahsildars attend to temple land investigation and preparation of records, connected with temple lends and buildi

A Special Officer, in the cadre of an Assistant Commissioner, assists the Commissioner in conducting enquiries on disciplinary cases vl/,f serious complaints and allegations made against the* staff. In order to investigate into the irregularities noticed in the functioning of curtain mutts in the state, a Deputy Commissioner together with complementary staff has been appointed. He takes up surprise inspection of place concerned for the spot study

This department has Regional Adminstrative Officers .and each region is under the control of a Deputy Commissioner. The regions are located at Madras. Salem. Coimbatore, Tanjore, Trichy, Myladulhurnl, Madurai arid. Kanniyakumari District is under the control of the Deputy Commissioner Thirunelveli.

The present Kanniyakumari district and the Shencottnh taluk of Thirimetveti district previously formed part of the erstwhile Travancore State The temples situated in these areas were administered by the rulers of Travancore state till the Land Revenue? Department of Travancore State took the administration of temples in 1861 A.D. It was under tho control of the Land Revenue Department till 1921. From 1922, these temples were being administered by a separate ‘Dovaswom Department’ formed oy the Travancore State. This Depaitment continued toadminister the temples til! 31 July 1949 and from. 1 August 1949 tu statutory body known as the Travancore Devaswom Board”, has f| § charge of the department.

Consequent on the States Reorganisation on linguistic basis w.ef

November 1956, i.e., after the formation of Kanniyakumari district, the temples under the direct control of the Travancore State and which were incorporated or otherwise, prior to the formation of the district, were placed under the control of the statutory body known as the “Kanniyakumari Devaswom Board” constituted under the Tamil Nadu Act

of 1959. This board administered these temples till

December 1974. From 1 January 1975, the temples, were brought under the direct administrative control of the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department by the Act, 50 of 1974.

As per this Act, an Executive Officer, in the cadre of Assistant Commissioner has been appointed for the proper administration of the 490 temples placed under in the control of the Commissioner, Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department.

Also a Trust Board with five members, for a term of 3 years is constituted by the Government of Tamil Nadu for the upkeep, maintenance and administration of these temples, under the guidance of the Chairman of the trust.

There are Temple Superintendents, each incharge of a group of temples, who supervise the day to day administration of the temples, coming under their respective groups. Further, there are also thirty nine Sub-Group Officers otherwise called Managers or Sreekariams, who look after the daily affairs of the temples incharge of the Sub-Groups.

The Trust Board, with five members for a period of 3 years was last constituted during 1980. After the expiry of the term in 1983, no Trust Board was constituted afresh. The Chairman of the old Trust Board, was discharging the duties and excercising the powers of the Trust as ’Fit person’ till 3 September 1987.

As per the order of the Government issued in G.0. Ms. No.990/CT & R.E. Department, dated 3 September 1987 the Deputy Commissioner (H.R. & C.E.) Department, Thirunelveli region is now discharging the duties and excercising the powers of the Trust, since 4 September 1987. Under the control of the Deputy Commissioner, Tirunelveli, there are two Assistant Commissk^rs, functioning in Kanniyakumari district, one as Assistant Commissioner/Executive officer for Incorporated and unincorporated Devaswoms (KDB) in Kanniyakumari District having its headquarters at Suchindrum, another Assistant Commissioner at Nagercoil for temples other incorporated and unincorporated Devaswoms in Kanniyakumari district.

The Assistant Commissioner H.R.& C.E. Administration Department, Nagercoil is having control over 436 non-listed temples. Under his control, one Junior Engineer, one Head Clerk, six Inspectors, three Executive Officers, two Assistants, four Junior Assistants. Typist, Steno-Typist, Record Clerk and Nightwatchman, and eight Office Assistants are working. Under the administrative control of the Assistant Commissioner (H.R.& C.E.) Suchindram, 88 Government sen/ants, such as Temple Superintendents, Manager, Assistants,Junior Assistants and Overseers and 1040 temple servants, such an Archakars, Nathaswaram and Thavil Vidwans and other menials are working.

To augment the resources of the temples, this department has proposed to implement the following schemes

(j) Kodi Archanai Vazhipadu Scheme ; (ii) Daily Archanai Pooja Vazhipadu Scheme; and (iii) Construction of Marriage Halls and shops in the available vacant sites of the temples.

This department owns 138 acres of wet land, 235 acres of dry land and 648 acres of manavari land in the district. These lands are under the tenancy cultivation of the local agriculturists. From the above lands Rs.3.75 lakhs in cash and 60900 litres of paddy, are anticipated during

88, towards lease rent. This department also maintains three elephants. Their names are “Gopalan” “Rajan” and “Indiran” the services of which are utilised for processions during important Devaswom festivals.

Under Article 290 (A) of the Constitution of India, Government of Tamil Nadu contributes Rs. 13.5 lakhs to the 458 incorporated temples in the district. Besides, income is also derived by way of lease of lands, gardens, buildings, hundi receipts, archanai fees paid by the devotees etc. The total income and expenditure of the 458 incorporated Devaswoms for the year 1986-87 were Rs.47.03 lakhs and Rs.60.95 lakhs respectively. The break up for the 490 temples are as follows:-(i) In-corporated Temples-458, (ii) un incorporated temple^ (iii) Sanketam temples -12 (iv) Sreepadam temples -2.

The important and ancient temples among these 490 temples are.-

Arulmigu Kanniyakumari Amman Temple, Kanniyakumari; Arulmigu Thanumalayappermal Temple, Suchindram; Arulmigu Nagarajaswami Temple, Nagercoil; Arulmigu Bhagavathiamman Temple, Mondaikkadir Arulmigu Subramaniaswamy Temple, Velimalai; and Arulmigu Adikesavapperumal Temple, Thiruvattar.

Department of Information, Tourism and Public Relations

This department was created with a view to inform and educate the masses on the policies and programmes of the Government and to keep them informed of the progress achieved in various nation building endeavours.

At present, at Government level, the Department of Information, Tourism and Public Relations, is headed by Special Commissioner and Secretary to .Government (Information and Tourism). He is assisted by Joint Secretary to Government an Ex-officio Director of Information and Public Relations, Joint Director (Administration), Joint Director (Exhibition) and four Deputy Directors, looking after the demarcated subjects like mass media, publication, etc. The Joint Secretary to Government is the Director of Information and Public Relations and he is the Head of the Department.

Immediately after the re-organisation of States and the formation of new district of Kanniyakumari in 1956, the then Madras Government extended the publicity schemes to Kanniyakumari district. As a first step, an Information Centre, under the charge of an Information Assistant, was opened at Nagercoil in October 1957.

Now, there is an Information and Public Relations Officer, who is assisted by two Assistant Public Relations Officers. The Information and Public Relations Officer is in-charge of issue of news items to all press correspondents, All India Radio, and T V. after getting the approval of the Collector, in all matters, concerning the district administration and development. He is also incharge of all arrangements for Governmet functions as and when orders are issued by the Government. He is under the administrative control of the Director of Information and Public Relations, Madras. The Services of the Cinema Operators have been placed at his disposal, who are periodically visiting villages, information centres and other places and exhibiting films concerning various schemes like Family Welfare Programmes, Small Savings, Agriculture, National Integration etc. A full time photographer is also working under the control of the Information and Public Relations Officer, whose services are utilised for taking photographs, during important Government functions, under the orders of the Collector.

Judicial Department

The policy of the Government is to ensure justice to all citizens according to the principles enshrined in the constitution of India.1 The administration of Justice is the responsibility of the various Courts, whose function is absolutely independent of the executive and the administrative machinery of the Government. The sphere, in which the Government can play useful and dominant role, in the elimination of delays can be evidenced by the Government, sanctioning new and additional Courts, wherever necessary on the recommendation of the High Court and by providing all amenities, that are required for functioning of the courts including that of staff, furniture and accommodation.

In the Mofussil, there are Government Pleaders, Public Prosecutors and Additional Public Prosecutors under the administrative control of the District Collectors. In the courts of the District Munsiff and Sub-Courts. Advocates are nominated to do Government work and they are paid admitted fees only. They are not eligible for any retainers fee. The admitted fee paid to Law Officers are debited by the Head of the Department concerned. Admitted fee is paid on the basis of work done by the Law Officers and it is sanctioned either by Government or by the Head of the Departments as the case may be commensurate with the financial limit fixed.

The Assistant Public Prosecutors, Grade – I & II in the city and Mofussil are appointed by the State Government under section 25 of the Code of Criminial procedure 1973 (Central Act 2 of 1974) for attending to prosecution to cases in all courts of Magistrates. They are full time Government Servants on regular time scales of pay.

At present, there is no head of the department to exercise supervision and control over the Assistant Public Prosecutors. For administrative convenience, the Assistant Public Prosecutors in the mofussil have beenplaced under tho control of the Collectors of the districts, and the Assistant Public Prosecutors In Madras City, under the control of the’ Commissioner of Police, Madras,

The Government have recently issued orders for the formation of the new department viz, the “Directorate of Prosecution”. According to these orders, the office of the Director of Prosecution will be at Madras, and eight offices of the Assistant Directors will function at regions like Madras, Chengalpattu, Trichy, Madurai, Thirunelveli, Coimbatore, Vellore and Ramanathapuram. Various items of work relating to the formation of the new Department are attended to by a Special Officer at Madras. The Department will be formed.

In Kanniyakumari District, a District Sessions Court is functioning at Nagercoil. Besides, there are three Subordinate Judges Courts functioning at Nagercoil, Kuzhithurai, and Padmanabhapuram (for more details the chapter on “Law and Order and Justice” may be referred).

Labour Department

The maintenance of industrial peace and harmony by the timely intervention and settlement of industrial disputes by way of conciliation talks at frequent intervals between the managements of industrial establishments and their workers, is the main function of the labour department. In addition, this department, is responsible for the enforcement of various labour legislations, which are designed to confer secutity of serivce, ensure better working conditions and welfare and to promote social security measures to the working class.

The Commissioner of Labour is the head of department, who is functioning in Madras. He is assisted by second and third level officers to attend to various items of work such as conduct of conciliation talks, payment of minimum wages to labourers, implementation of correct weights and measures by the merchant community etc. The details of officers in-charge of these items of work, are as follows

Conciliation –

Joint Commissioner of Labour – (Conciliation)

Joint Commissioner of Labour (Administration)

(Who is also the Chief Inspector of Plantations)

Special Deputy Commissioner of LabourDeputy Commissioner of Labour (Appuaig)

Deputy Commissioner of Labour (Headquarters)

Minimum Wages –

Deputy Commissioner ot labour         (Minimum wages)

Assistant Commissioner of Labour     ,contract Labour)

Administrative Officer           (Minimum wages)

Administration –

Assistant Commissioner of Labour     (Estt and General)

Accounts Officer Administrative Officer      (General)

Public Relations Officer Weights and Measures –

Deputy Inspector of Labour   (Headquarters)

Administrative Officer           –           (Weights and


Deputy Commissioner of Labour       (Headquarters)

In the regions the Commissioner of Labour is also assisted by Joint Commissioners of Labour, Regional Deputy Commissioners of Labour, Inspectors and Deputy Inspector, at Nagercoil in district level to implement the various functions referred to. The regional and district level officers and their statutory functions are as follows

There are three Joint Commissioners of labour at regional level, whose offices are situated at Madras, Coimbatore and Madurai. The Joint Commissioner of Labour, Madras is having Jurisdiction over the districts of Madras, Chengalpattu, North Arcot and South Arcot. The Joint Commissioner of Labour, Coimbatore is having Jurisdiction over the districts of Coimbatore, Nilgiris, Periyar, Salem and Dharmapuri. While the Joint Commissioner of Labour, Madurai is incharge of Madurai, Ramanathapuram, Pasumpon Muthuramalingam, Kamarajar, Anna, Nellai Kattabomman, Chidambaram, Trichirappalli, Thanjavur, Pudukkottai and Kanniyakumari districts, The Regional Deputy Commissioners of Labour are working under the control of Joint Commissioners of Labour viz. Deputy Commissioners of Labour I and II Trichirappalli, Madurai, Tirunelveli and Salem.

Regional level Officials are :

Assistant Commissioner of Labour – 15, Labour Officer Inspector of Labour – 19, Inspector of Plantations – 7, Medical Offj (Plantations) – 2, Deputy Inspector of Labour – 65, Assistant Inspector^ Labour – 206, Stamping nspector of Labour – 63 and Statistical Inspector -16.

Under the supervision of the Regional Joint Commissioner of Labour Madurai, the Regional Deputy Commissioner of Labour, Tirunelveli is working who looks after the affairs of the department, in his region Kanniyakumari district comes under the control of the Deputy Commissioner of Labour, Tirunelveli, Under his control, an Assistant Commissioner of Labour, (Conciliation) one Inspector of Plantations, one Medical Officer (Plantations), two Deputy Inspectors of Labour and seven Assistant Inspectors of Labour, are working.

The Assistant Commissioner of Labour (Conciliation), and the Labour officers are responsible for conciliation and settlement of industrial disputes, which arise in their jurisdiction with utmost promptitude. The Inspector of Plantation is charged with the responsibility of enforcing the provisions of the Plantation Labour Act, 1951.

The Deputy Inspectors of Labour and the Assistant Inspectors of Labour assist the Inspector of Labour in the enforcement of various non-technical labour legislations irrespective of all establishments other than factories and plantations. The details of various legislations enforced are dealt within the chapter on “Other Social Services” of this Gazetteer.

Medical Department

Under the control of the Health and Family Welfare Department at Secretariat, the following Directorates are functioning as seperate department heads to implement various Health Care Programmes, of the general public

The Director of Public Health and Preventive Medicine;

The Director of Primary Health Centres;

The Director of Medical Services and Family Welfare;

The Director of Public Health, Training and Continuing Education;

The Director of Family Welfare;

The Director of Medical Education; and

The Director of Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy.

The Director of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Madras is the head of Public Health and Preventive Medicine department. He implements various health schemes such as Plague Control, Epidemic Control, Guineaworm Eradication Programme, Malaria and Filaria Control programmes.

The Director is assisted by two Additional Directors, Joint Directors, Deputy Directors, Chief Entomologist, Assistant Director (Statistics) and Chief Accounts Officer in the headquarters and seven Regional Deputy Dirctors of Public Health and Preventive Medicine in the Regions, and 29 District Health Officers, each incharge of a Health Unit District.

The Director of Medical Services and Family Welfare Department, executes all programmes relating to Medical Services and Family Welfare and also the schemes such as Employees State Insurance Scheme. The Director of Medical Services and Family Welfare is assisted by three Joint Directors for each programme, (i.e) Planning and Development, Theropic Medicine and Medical. There are two Additional Directors, one for Leprosy Control Programme and the other for Employees State Insurance Programme.

The District Leprosy Officer and the District Tuberculosis Officers are independent District Officers for implementing the relevant programme in ‘district level and they are under the supervisory control of the District Medical Officer. However, the District Leprosy Officer has been given equal powers of the District Medical Officer in respect of Leprosy Programme and Establishment. He is responsible for rural medical care through the district, taluk and other medical institutions including Government dispensaries. The Director is assisted by Deputy Director of Medical Services who is responsible for Planning and Development and for the implementation of Leprosy and Tuberculosis Control Programme.

The Director of Primary Health Centres is responsible for the administration of primary health centres. The primary health centres, which are functioning in the State are placed under his control. The Director is assisted by a Deputy Director and an Administrative Officer in the State.

The District Medical Officer is in charge of the Medical Services in district. To implement Leprosy, and Tuberculosis schemes, a District Leprosy Officer, and a District Tuberculosis Officers 3 functioning in the district. Schemes relating to Mobile Health Services Community Health Centres and Mini Health Centres are implemented in the district under instruction from the Director of Primary Health Centres

The District Family Welfare and Maternity and Child Health Officer Nagercoil is incharge of implementation of Family Welfare Programmes He is working under the administrative control of the Director, State Family Welfare Bureau, Madras. For more details please refer the chapter on “Medical and Public Health Services” of this Gazetteer.

Police Department17

The Police Department of Tamil Nadu occupies a prominent place in the whole of India. Tamil Nadu has been the forerunner for having started the Women Police Wing and implementing welfare schemes like providing commodities at subsidised rates and extending housing facilities for the police personnel. This department maintains excellent public relations and functions with great efficiency, courage and determination.

This department is headed by the Director General of Police at State level. The Director General of Police is assisted by 4 Inspectors General of Police, Deputy Inspectors General, Assistant Inspectors General, Superintendents of Police, Deputy Superintendents of Police, Additional Superintendents of Police, Personal Assistants, Assistant Director of Statistics, Senior Accounts Officer, Commissioner of Police, Deputy Commissioners of Police, Assistant Commissioners of Police, Inspectors, Sub- Inspectors and Constables.

The State has been divided into six ranges and 23 Police Districts. Each range is headed by a Deputy Inspector General of Police. Likewise, 3ach Police District is placed under the control of the Superintendent of 3olice. Kanniyakumari district is placed under the control of the Deputy nspector General, Tirunelveli, Range and under his guidance and supervision, the Superintendent of Police, Kanniyakumari is functioning Jnder the control of the Superintendent of Police, one Additional Superintendent, 6 Deputy Superintendents, 22 Inspectors and 75

Sub-Inspectors are working (For more details the chapter on “Law and Order and Justice” of this Gazetteer may please be referred).

Department of Prisons

Prior to 1977, the Sub-jails, numbering about 119 were under the control of the Revenue Department In between 1977 and October 1983, all of them have been brought under the control of the Prison Department. This department maintains 8 Central Prisons, two special prisons for women one at Vellore and another at Madurai, one Borstal school at Pudukottai, 3 special sub-jails, 117 sub-jails, one open air prison at Singanallur and one garden (open air) prison attached to Central Prison, Salem.

The head of the Department is the Inspector General of Prisons. Tue Inspector General is assisted by Deputy Inspector General of Prisons, Accounts Officer, Assistant Accounts Officer, Personal Assistant, Superintendent of Prisons, Additional Superintendents. Jailors, Assistant Surgeons, Chief Probation Officer, Probation Officers, and other ministerial staff.

Three sub-jails are functioning in Kanniyakumari district at Nagercoil, Thuckalay and Kuzhithurai. The Superintendent, Central Prison, Palayamkottai is the Controlling Officer of these sub-jails. Each sub-jail is incharge of an Assistant Jailor designated as Sub-Jail Superintendent, assisted by Warders in the day to day administration.1

Public Works Department

This department is in charge of executing all works such as construction of dams, reservoirs, anicuts, bridges, weirs, culverts, reclamation of lands and also deepening of major irrigation tanks under their control, river conservancy works, major channels and canal schemes, construction and repairs to Government buildings and the like. In order to ensure prompt execution and completion of works, each major item of work is in charge of a Chief Engineer, and he is assisted by second level and third level officers and other complementary staff.

This department is headed by 8 Chief Engineers one Chief Architect, a number of Superintending Engineers. Senior Deputy Superintending Engineers, Executive Engineers. Deputy Chief Engineers, Director, Deputy Director, Senior Architect. Assistant Executive Engineers, Assistant Engineers, Head Draughting Officer, Special Officers, and other complementary staff. For administrative convenience this department has also been further divided into Tnrntonal CitcUts mid Divisions, The Superintending Engineer is charge of TlruMtilveli Circle, which includes Tirunelveli Kattabomman V O Chidfimbaranai and Kanniyakumari districts,

Kanniyakumari Division whs one of the Irrigation Divisions in erstwhile Travancore State*and on merger of the district with the Tamil Nadu in 1956, this has become one of the Public Works Department Divisions in Tamilnadu. This Division has jurisdiction over the entire district, both in maintenance and construction of irrigation structures and buildings. Consequent on the reorganisation of Public Works Department in 1968, this division is the only Public Works Division functioning as Regular Territorial Division for the entire district. This division is having four permanent sub divisions under its control, viz,

Nagercoil sub division – at Nagercoil having Jurisdiction over Agasthiswaram, Thovalai and Kalkulam taluks;

Thuckalay sub division Thuckalay having Jurisdiction over Kalkulam and Agasthiswaram taluks ;

Cheruppalur sub division – Cheruppalur having Jurisdiction over Vilavancode and Kalkulam taluks

Investigation sub-division – Thuckalay having Jurisdiction all over the district.

The first three sub divisions are functioning as Regular Territorial Sub Divisions, while the fourth one is attending to investigation and preparation of estimates for Minor Irrigation Schemes. The control of Investigation Sub-Division Thuckalay was temporarily transferred to Pattanamkal Division, Nagercoil with effect from 1 January 1975 and this Division was detached from Pattanamkal Division and reattached with the Kanniyakumari Division with effect from 1 March 1977, on closure of Pattanamkal Division, Tho Investigation Sub-Division at Thuckalay was subsequently detached from this Division and attached with the Project Investigation Division at Palayamcottai with effect from 1 April 1982. Similarly, out of 6 sections in Nagercoil Sub- Division, one Electrical Section at Nagercoil was also detached from this Division and attached with the Electrical Sul) Division at Palayamcottai with effect from

February 1983.

Registration Department

In the year 1834, the Court of Directors of the East India Company proposed the enactments of a law making registration of deeds relating to Immovable property compulsory under such penalties and safe guards as might be deemed requisite. Legislative proposals were accordingly made and the subject was passed as India Act of 1864. Over the years, this Act had undergone several modifications. The latest Act is the Indian Registration Act 1908 (Central Act No.XVI of 1908).

The Registration department came into being as a separate Department in December 1864. Col.R.M. Macdonald was appointed as the first Registrar General. The other categories of officers then appointed were the District Registrars. Till 1942, Officers of the other departments were appointed as Inspectors General of Registration. In 1942, an officer belonging to this department in the category of District Registrar was promoted and appointed as Inspector General of Registration, in the cadre of I.A.S.

This department has been mainly established for the administration of the Registration Act 1908, which deals with registration of documents and maintenance of permanent records. The Sub-Registrars, District Registrars, Inspectors of Registration and Personal Assistant to the Inspector General of Registration are vested with powers under certain specified sections of the Indian Stamp Act.

The Inspector General of Registration is the head of the department. He is having administrative and disciplinary control over all the district and Sub Registrar Offices in the State. He is also the Registrar General of Births and Deaths and Marriages and also the Director of Chits. At

headqu            he is assisted by an Additional Inspector General of

Registration, Personal Assistant, one Additional Registrar of Chits, in the cadre of I.G. of Registration and 21 Personal Assistants (Chits), apart from other complementary ministerial staff.

The Additional Inspector General is in the cadre of Joint Secretary to Government and the Personal Assistant to the Inspector General of Registration and Additional Registrar of Chits in the cadre of Deputy Inspector General of Registration, three Personal Assistants (Chits) in the cadre of District Registrar are also functioning under the control of A.I.G. He investigates into the complaints under the Tamil Nadu Chit Funds Act,

inspects records maintained under the Chit Funds Act by Chit Companies and does various items of work connected with Chit Funds Act, under the directions of the Director of Chits.

For the administrative convenience, the State has been divided into 4 zones, with headquarters at Vellore, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli and Coimbatore, and eight regions viz., Madras, Coimbatore, Salem, Tirunelveli, Tiruchirappalli, Cuddalore, Thanjavur and Madurai and 46 Registration Districts having Jurisdiction over 567 Sub-Registry offices. Each region is further divided into several Registration Districts and each Registration District is divided into several Sub-Registration Districts. (The Registration district is quite different from Revenue district as more than one Registration district may be in a Revenue district.)

The Inspector of Registration is incharge of a Region consisting of five or six Registration districts. He makes surprise inspection as well as annual inspection of the Sub-Registry offices. He is also entrusted with the powers of a Collector under certain sections of the Indian Stamp Act, as in the case of the District Registrar.

The District Registrars are the administrative heads of Registration districts. They have to conduct annual and surprise Inspection of Sub-Registrar offices in their respective Registration districts, enquire into under-valuation cases and take further action on them. They are also to hear appeals and the applications on orders of refusal to register documents passed by the Sub-Registrars. They are also the Registrars of Firms, Registrars of Births and Deaths and Marriages under the Special Marriages Act, Indian Marriages Act, Hindu Marriage Act and Society’s Registration Act. They have the powers of the district Collectors under certain sections of the Stamp Act. They are also performing certain statutory functions under the Indian Registration Act 1908. In the absenceJoint Registrar I performs the statutoryfunctions of offices Of the Sub-Registry.They perform statutory functions undftt tho Indian Registration Act. Like the registration, grant of encumbrance certificates and certifies of registered documents and attestation Of Power of Attorney.

I holy family marriayes undot the Special Marriage Act and register marriages under tho Hindu Marriages Act, Chits are aiso registered Sub Registrars, They have the powers of the district Collectors under section 4 and 40 of the Indian Stamp Act under which they moo I Stamp duty 111 respect Of certain documents and add certificates to that effect. In some stations, they are also Rain Registemg Officer® of tho Main Gauge Stations and Double Lock Officers of certain sub treasuries, In some stations, Sub Registrars also Act as Sub-Jail Superintendents,

Kanniyakumari district forms part of Tirunelveli region, which is headed hy nn Inspector of Registration. Kanniyakumari Revenue district consists of two registration districts, viz. (i) Kanniyakumari Registration district, and the Marthandam Registration fistrict. The headquarters of the former hi N&gerooil and lattor is Kuzhithurai.

The Kanniyakumari Registration district consists of 12 Sub- Registry Offices, while tho Marthandam Registration district has 9 Sub-Registry offices, the head of the Registration district is the District Registrar. He rs having administrative control over tho Sub-Registry Offices functioning in his Jurisdiction.

Rehabilitation Department

The Director of Rehabilitation, Madras, is looking after the wetfare of tho Burma nnd Srlianka repatriates nnd rehabilitating them.

In Kanniyakumari district, tho repatriates from Burma and Srilanka are very limited In number. In as much as there are rubber plantations and dense forests in all parts of the district, most of the repatriates preferred job opportunities In plantation and forest areas, to do business by applying business loans. The District Forest Officer, Kanniyakumari district Iras rehabilitated most of them in rubber plantations. There is a separate school run in Kanniyakumari district to educate the children ol the repatriates.

Social Welfare Department

The deep concern of this Government for the welfare of the weaker sections of the society is well known and the activities of the Social Welfare department, the programmes of which are service oriented particularly for poor and downtrodden and also those below poverty line besides destitutes, widows, children and physically handicapped and the old age pensioners, cannot be forgotten.

The department of Social Welfare is headed by the Director of Social Welfare, who is assisted by an Additional Director and a Joint Director, five Deputy Directors, 14 Assistant Directors, a Secretary for the State Board for the Physically Handicapped, Assistant Accounts Officer, Special Officer for Guidance Bureau, Accounts Officers, one Regional Rehabilitation Officer, Placement Officers, Superintendents of Service Homes, and Medical Officers for Integrated Child Development Services.

The District Social Welfare Officer Kanniyakumari district at Nagercoil is in-charge of most of the developmental programmes. Under the control of the District Social welfare Officer, an Assistant District Social Welfare Officer, Extension Officer (Social Welfare) at block level, Rural Welfare Officer (Women) Child welfare Organisers (Nutritious Noon Meal Programme) (village level) are working. The staff of the orphanages for children, working women hostels, special schools for blind, deaf and dumb, and Instructors (working centres) also come under the administrative control of the District Social Welfare Officer. In the administrative side, the District Social Welfare Officer is assisted by ministerial staff consisting of Superintendent, Accountant, Assistant, Junior Assistants, and typists. For greater details the chapter XVII “Other Social Services” of this Gazetteer may be referred.

The Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation : The Government of Tamil Nadu have re-introduced monopoly procurement of paddy in entire Thanjavur district, Trichy, Kulitalai, Musiri, Lalgudy, Udayarpalayam and Ariyalur taluks of Tiruchi district and a part of South Arcot and Pudukottai district. The Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation in its capacity as a government agency, procures surplus paddy from farmers at procurement rate fixed by Government. This rate varies from time to time depending upon the cost of cultivation of farmers. The Corporation has opened Direct Purchase Centres, in various places of these four districts, where monopoly procurement has been introduced. They procure paddy from farmers through the Direct Purchase Centres. In places in whichmonopoly procurement has been introduced, the wholesalers prohibited from purchasing paddy direct from farmers. They paddy from farmers only in non-monopoly areas, that too at procurement fixed by the government. It is incumbent on their part, 50 per cent of the stock of paddy so procured to the Tamil Nadu qS Supplies Corporation, at procurement price, as levy since the government have introduced 50 per cent Trader’s Levy System in the non-monopoly areas, where Trader’s Levy System is in vogue. Those who deal exclusively in paddy can tender levy in terms of paddy. Others who deal in paddy and rice and who are miller-cum-whole salers should neccessarily tender, 50 per cent traders levy only in terms of rice at procurement price. If the TNCSC brings to the notice of the Collector/District Supply Officer the malpractice or violation of rules in this regard, the wholesaler is liable for criminal action, besides cancellation of his licence.

These wholesalers are also appointed as hulling agents by the Senior Regional Managers on certain terms and conditions fixed by the TNCSC and they are allotted the paddy procurement by the Corporation for hulling. They are fairly paid for the paddy hulled by them.

Ail the essential commodities are supplied by the Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation to the Co-operatives in Madras city and districts on their remitting the cost for essential commodities for distribution of the same to the Fair Price Shops under their respective control. The Fair Price Shops in turn distribute the essential commodities to the family card holders attached to their respective shops according of the scale of supply fixed by the Government. Besides, the TNCSC also supplies essential commodities for the various welfare schemes sponsored by the Government such as Chief Ministers Nutritious Noon Meal Programme. Police and Fire Service Personnel Welfare Programme, free eye camp N.C.C. and N.S.S. camps etc. Sixteen modern rice mills are functioning under the control of the TNCSC, of which 8 are functioning in Thanjavur district.

The registered office of this Corporation is at Madras. Chairman- cum-Managing Director, who is the Chief Executive is assisted by a Joint Managing Director with four General Managers, Financial Advisor, Chief Accounts Officer, Construction Engineer, a Company Secretary, five Senior Managers (Law, Labour, Business, Transport and Audit) and a Vigilence Officer.

Though the Corporation commenced functioning in July 1972 the Regional Offices were formed only in March 1973 at Madras, Thanjavur, Tirunelveli and Coimbatore. On account of the increase in the transactions more regions were formed during 1974*75 and 1975-76. At present there are 20 regions functioning in the State under the control of a Senior Regional Manager in the cadre of District Revenue Officer or Regional Manager in the cadre of Deputy Collector. The regional heads are empowered to look after the service matters of the employees, also as per the delegation of powers, vested with them and settle them in accordance with the rules.

So far as disciplinary cases are concerned, the disciplinary rules applicable to government servants are followed in respect of Corporation employees also.

The Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation is having a separate region for Kanniyakumari district with headquarters at Nagercoil. The Region headed by a Senior Regional Manager in the cadre of District Reveneue Officer and he is assisted by a Deputy Senior Regional Manager.

The activities of the region mainly consist of storage and distribution with some hulling agents for processing paddy. There are 5 godowns under thier control for stocking essential commodities. Previously the TNCSC was running 88 Fair Price Shops in the district and distributing :he essential commodities, through these shops to the family card holders all these shops have now come under the administrative control of the Cooperatives with effect from 1 October 1987. So, no fair price shop is now run by the TNCSC. But, the TNCSC however, is stocking the essential commodities in their godowns and supplying them on wholesale basis to the cooperatives, with reference to the indents passed by the Taluk Supply Officers.

There are five main godowns in this district located in the following places. Their storage capacity is noted against each :

Name of Godown       Location          Storage CapacityKonam -I     Industrial         4500 metrisEstate konam,            tonneNagercoil


The Superintendents are in chaise of the godowns. Their main duty is to receive the stock and Issue to the Cooperative Societies. At present there are 19 private leading millers appointed as hulling agents in the district on certain terms and conditions. The raw paddy received from Thanjavur district is stored in the Single Lock Godowns located within the mill premises. The Single Lock Officers are incharge of Single Lock Godowns. Levy deposit is received from the dealers only in the shape rice at Konam II godown. Then on 6 Amudham departmental stores now functioning in the district in thaluk following places

(1)Nagercoil,   (II) Ponmippan nagar,Kanniyakumari,           (iv) Kottaram,(v) Thuckalay and        (vl) Kulasekaram.

All items of groceries, beverages, cosmetics and baby foods are sold to the public besides, rice, wheat, maida and sooji at competitive prices. The total turn over for all six Amudham stores is nearly Rs. 6 lakh.

Tamil Nadu Electricity Board

The Tamil Nadu Electricity Board has seven members. The Chairman, Accounts Member, Member (Generation) and Member (Distribution) are full time members. Commissioner and Secretary to Government in the Public Works Department, Finance and industries Departments are other members of the Board. The      Stale    Is divided into five            Regions           for

transmission and distribution of         electricity and each region is   headed by a

Chief Engineer (Distribution). Kanniyakumari district is under the control of Chief Engineer (Distribution) stationed at Madurai.24

The Kanniyakumari Electricity Distribution Circle is headed by a Superintending Engineer with headquarters at Nagercoil. He is assisted by Electrical Engineer (General) in all technical and administrative matters. The Assistant Executive Enfllneers, (General) Materials Management, Development MRT, cum Special Maintenance and Civil

Assistant Executive Engineer (General) in ail technical matters and a personal Assistant assist in all administrative matters.

In this district there are three Operation and Maintenance (0 & M) Divisions, each headed by an Executive Engineer with headquarters at Nagercoil, Thuckalay and Kuzhithurai. These Executive Engineers are responsible for the proper maintenance of power supply to the consumers in their respective areas. One construction-cum-commercial division headed by an Executive Engineer is also functioning, which looks after the construction works for extension of supply to new consumers in the district.

There are five revenue units, two at Nagercoil, one at Thuckalay and two at Kuzhithurai which are responsible for collection and accounting of revenue. AN the existing 5 towns, 66 villages, 2490 hamlets and 371 Adi-dravidar colonies (as per 1971 Census) in the district have already been electrified. Power to 2850 agricultural pumpsets and 2932 huts have been extended in the district as on 31 March 1988.

Tamil Nadu Housing Board

Housing ranks among the major problems in a developing country. In order to cater to the needs of growing population with provisions of house sites the City Improvement Trust was formed during 1947 and it was functioning in a moderate scale, due to financial constraints. The increasing housing problem in the city as well as in the districts called for a bigger body and hence the Tamil Nadu Housing Board was constituted in the year 1961 with powers to raise funds for housing Improvement Schemes, contemplated under the Act. The Board has taken up various Social Housing Schemes in a massive scale and has so far provided65,911 dwelling units throughout the State. The capital expenditure of the Board is increased from Rs.6 crore in 1978 to Rs.98 crore in1988-89.25

The TNHB is striving hard to provide more houses for the economically weaker sections to keep tract with the policy of the Government. At present, the Board constructs houses for economically weaker sections, low income groups, middle income groups and higher income groups. To fulfil the various social housing schemes and to implement those schemes successfully, the Housing Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) New Delhi also finances the TNHB.Tamil Nadu Housing Board is a government sponsored statut authority for all housing activities in the State. The Chairman-cu ^ Managing Director heads the administration of the Board and the Chi Technical Officer is the Chief Engineer, who is responsible for technical matters. The TNHB has under its control 6 circles, divisions jn city and units at Tiruchirappalli, Coimbatore, Salem, Erode, Madurai Hosur, Vellore, Tirunelveli and Ramanathapuram.

The Chairman-cum-Managing Director, is assisted by three Chief Engineers, one for City and Chengalpattu (Planning and Administration), the other for Salem and Madurai, and the remaining Officer for implementation of Tamil Nadu Urban Development Programme. Besides these technical officers, Secretary and Personnel Officer, Financial Advisor and Chief Accounts Officer also assist him in the administration. There are six Superintending Engineers, each incharge of Anna Nagar and KK Nager at Madras and Chengalpattu, Madurai and Salem. There are also senior Town Planner, Town Planner, Assistant Town Planner, Assistant Architect and other staff at headquarters. The supporting staffs of the Superintending Engineers are Executive Engineers, Assistant Executive Engineers, Drawing Branch Managers and their staff members.

The Superintending Engineer, Madurai is having administrative control over Tirunelveli Housing Unit which is headed by an Executive Engineer-cum-Administrative Officer. The Executive Engineer, Tirunelveli Housing Unit, executes the vaious housing schemes relating to Tirunelveli and Kanniyakumari districts. The Executive Engineer is assisted by an Assistant Executive Engineer (Nagercoil), an Assistant Engineer and a Junior Engineer. The Executive Engineer is the Inspection officer, as well as authority incharge of payment of bills. The Assistant Executive Engineer supervises the execution of new works and maintenance of existing works. The Assistant Engineers and Junior Engineers are also incharge of execution and maintenance works.

Under the scheme of economically weaker sections, the Housing Unit has constructed 64 houses at Nagercoil upto June 1986. Under the Tamil Nadu Government Rental Housing Scheme, as much as 78 and 36 houses were constructed at Nagercoil and Thuckalay respectively. The unit has also completed the construction work of 30 houses for Judicial and Revenue Officials at various places in the district in the recent past.

Tamil Nadu State Warehousing Corporation

The Tamil Nadu State Warehousing Corporation was established in Public Sector by an Act of Parliament in 1957 and commenced functioning in Tamil Nadu from 4 December 1957. Under warehouse activities seeds, manures, fertilizers, agricultural implements and notified commodities of individuals, co-operative and other similar institutions are stored in Government warehouses at economic rates of interest on security of the produce.

Tamil Nadu Warehousing Corporation a protector of national wealth and a trusted name for providing scientific storage facilities for all commodities to minimise losses and deterioration in quality due to rodents, pests, moisture and vagaries of weather. The regulated warehousing programmes have created the long felt awareness among all levels that scientific storage can eliminate avoidable losses in the stupendous task of overall production. The network of warehouses, all over the State plays the role of demonstration centres in promoting orderly grading and marketing of the produces.

This Corporation is functioning under the control of a Managing Director, who is assisted by a General Manager, Secretary to Board, Financial Adviser and Chief Accounts Officer, Construction Engineer, Public Relations Officer and Managers.

A warehouse of this Corporation was set up at Nagercoil on 1 October 1977, which has at present a storage capacity of 1140 metric tonnes. This unit is incharge of a Warehouse Manager, with supporting staff. The Manager is the chief custodian of the stocks, wastages and losses in storage is reduced to the minimum extent in the ware house by the introduction of grading system and specifying the quality and standards in the warehouse receipts. The stocks stored in the ware house are insured against fire, flood, cyclone, inundation and burglaries.

The ware house provides credit facilities through commercial banks for the benefit of producers. Services like. Disinfestation, Extensior Scheme for stocks owned by farmers and traders in their premises distribution as well as handling and transport which are incidenta activities to storage are also undertaken by the Corporation.

Wakf Board

Term “Wakf” means permanent dedication of any movable or immovable properties for religious, pious und chflrtleble purposes, recognised by Muslim law.

The Tamil Nadu Wakf Board under Section 15 of Wakf Act, 1954, excercises rts powers to ensure that the wakfs under its superintendence are promptly maintained, controlled and administered and the income derived there of is spent in prescribed proportion to the objects and the purposes or which such wakfs are created or intended. Under the Wakfs Act. 1954, a Board consisting of eleven members has been constituted by the Government for the administration of wakfs properties In this State. The Chairman of the Board is elected by the members from among themselves. The Secretary to the Board, generally a Deputy Collector, especially belonging to Muslim community who is conversant with the identification and proper management of wakf properties, is appointed by Government in consultation with the Board.

In the interest of administration, the Tamil Nadu Wakf Board has created eight zones viz., Northern zone at Madras, Vellore zone at Vellore, Western zone at Salem, Ramanathapuram zone at Ramanathapuram, Coimbatore zone at Mettuppalayam, Central zone at Tiruchirappalli, Southern zone at Madurai and Tirunelveli zone at Tirunelveli. Each zone is headed by a Superintendent of walks.

The Wakfs institutions which are situated in Kanniyakumari district come under the control of Superintendent of Wakfs, Tirunelveli zone, whose duties are collection of contributions payable by the wakfs, auditing of their accounts, inspection of wakf properties, enquiries into complaints of mismanagements, etc. He represents the Wakf Board in suits, which come up before judicial courts. Under the control of the Superintendent of wakfs, Tirunelveli there is a Wakf Inspector, exclusively lo looks after the affairs of Kanniyakumari district, whose headquarters is at Nagercoil.

There are 141 wakf institutions in Kanniyakumari district, of which the ollowing are the biggest and prominent institutions:

Hazarath Fazil Shah Avulia Thaika

Malick Dinar Baithulmalllangadai Muslim Samudhaya Trust

Muslim Mohallam

Anjuvanam Peer Mohammadia

Muslim AssociationLoans are also granted by the government to eligible wakf institutions for the development of their urban properties, for which the government places a lumpsum for specific remunerative schemes. The Central Wakf Council is also granting similar loans. Under these schemes, loans are sanctioned by Tamil Nadu Government and Central Wakf Council under Urban Land Development Scheme, through Tamil Nadu Wakf Board. The maximum loan amount that may be granted to any institution is Rs.1.5 lakh. Such loans are granted only for new construction of buildings of a permanent nature such as shops, lodgings, shandi khanas, and the like for the purpose of augmenting the resources of the wakf institution.

The Wakf Board constitutes a Development Committee for each loan sanctioned for the general superintendence and proper execution of the work. The committee consists of a number of members nominated by the Board. The Superintendent of wakfs having jurisdiction over the wakfs institution, and the Mutha Vallis of the wakf institution concerned or the President of the Jamath and as the case may be. The following institutions in Kanniyakumari district have been sanctioned loans for the development of their urban properties.

Seikh Noordeen Muslim Mohallan,

Thiruvithancode          –           (Rs1, 5lakh)

Mohaideen Andagai Muslim –

Jamath – South Soorankudi in Agasthiswaram taluk

Islamic Cultural Association Agasthiswaram

Muslim Samudhaya Trust – llangadai – Kottar

The income of the wakfs is utilised for the welfare of the poor muslimj and for the betterment of the Muslim community by giving scholarship and dresses to the poor Muslim students, and giving financial aid to the poor muslim women (from the funds of the wakf called Mallick Dina Beithul Mai, Kottar).

For the renovation and repairs of the wakf buildings, renovation gran ranging from Rs.5000/- to 15000/- have been sanctioned under Cr&h Programme of the Government of Tamil Nadu through the Wakf Board Many wakf institutions in Kanniyakumari district have been benefited b this scheme. Tamil Nadu Wakf Board has created a fund called “Welfar Fund” from donations received from the public for providing financial assistance to poor and down trodden.

Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board

The Government of Tamil Nadu constituted the Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board (TWAD Board) during 1971 to investigate and execute water supply and sewerage schemes in Tamil Nadu, except Madras Metropolitan area.

At State level, the TWAD is headed by a non-official Chairman and seven Board of Directors including the Managing Director. The Managing Director is the administrative head with Engineering Director, Finance Director at Head Office and other technical and non-technical officers all over the State to assist him in the planning and implementation of Water Supply and Sewerage Schemes for urban as well as rural areas all over Tamil Nadu, except the Madras Metropolitan area.

In the State, there are 753 towns (excluding Madras Corporation) covering two Corporations. 98 Municipalities, 8 Municipal Townships, 17 Panchayat Townships and 628 Town Panchayats with a total population of 165 lakhs as per 1981 Census. Out of 753 towns, 336 towns have been provided with water supply schemes. Also, 40 Water Supply Improvements Schemes are under execution.

Besides water supply schemes, underground sewerage facilities have been provided in sixteen towns and they are under execution in four towns. In addition, low cost sanitation schemes are under execution in fourteen towns with World Bank assistance.

Out of 64083 rural habitations, as per the survey conducted in 1985, only 16085 habitations are without water supply as on 1 April 1985 and another 27,356 habitations have been partially covered. It has been proposed to cover 10,900 habitations during the Seventh Five Year Plan Period for which funds are allocated by State Government under Minimum Needs Programme and by Government of India under Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme.

At level, the TWAD is headed by a non-official Chairman and Directors including the Managing Director. The Managing Director fe th& administrative head with Engineering Director, Finance Director M Nmk1 Office and other technical and non-technical officers all over 0W# to assist turn in the planning and implementation of Water Suopfy            Schemes          for urban as well as rural areas all overMadras Metropolitan area.

!r the State, there are 753 towns (excluding Madras Corporation) CwtftfM two CofpCfBtioris. 98 Municipalities, 8 Municipal Townships, 17 P’}f*chity& f&Wf&hfp& 628 Town Panchayats with a total population of ififi };jkbs $$ per 1981 Census. Out of 753 towns, 336 towns have ow provided Wtfh water supply schemes. Also, 40 Water Supply i’f»pf0V#frww’fti Schemes are under execution.water supply schemes, underground sewerage facilities have been provided iri tixteen towns and they are under execution in four In addition, low cost sanitation schemes are under execution in fourteen towrit with World Bank assistance.

Besides, water supply schemes are belftjj executed under Drought Relief works, European Economic Community Project, World Bank Project, and under Technology Mission also.

In Kanniyakumari district the rural water supply schemes are being executed by the Executive Engineers with headquarters at Nagercoil, Kuzhithurai, Thuckalay and Kulasekaram and for the urban water supply scheme an Assistant Executive Engineer at Nagercoil under the control of Urban Division at Tirunelveli. These divisions are under the control of the Chief Engineer, Southern Region at Madurai.

The Board has to undertake rural water supply schemes in 120 habitations in the district addition to a combined water supply scheme benefiting one Municiplaity, eight Town Panchayats and eleven wayside villages with Kuzhithuraiyar as source, at a cost of Rs.400 lakh. Under Drought Relief Works, 549 borewells have been provided up to 1987, in addition to compensatory bore wells with in the places where there was need for water supply, as identified by the Collector, Nagercoil.


Report from the Director of Agriculture, Madras, dated 31 August 1987.

Reports from the Director of Adi- Dravidar and Tribal Welfare, Madras daw*

29 September 1988 and 23 January 1989.      ’           “

Report dated 22 September 1988, from the Director of Agricultural Marketina


Report from the Director of Animal Husbandry, Madras, dated 17 July 1986.

Report from the Director of Backward Classes Welfare, Madras datpri

29 September 1988.

Registrar of Co-operative Societies, Madras, dated 29 September 1988.

Commercial Taxes – Statistics at a Glance Issued by the Commissioner of

Commercial Taxes – Tamil Nadu, 1986 and report from the Commissioner of Commercial Taxes, Madras, dated 10 January 1989.

Report from the Director of Employment and Training, Madras, January 1989.

The Administration Report of Education Department for the year 1984.

Report from the Assistant Director of Fisheries, Madras, dated 3 October 1988.

Reports from the Chief Conservator of Forests, Madras, dated 17 May 1988 and 16 December 1988.

Report from the Divisional Fire Officer, Nagercoil Division, dated 16 September 1986 and Policy Note on Department of Fire Services Madras for the year 1987-88.

Report from the Chief Engineer (Highways and Rural Works), Madras, dated 8 May 1986 and 21 December 1988.

Reports from the Commissioner HR & CE., Madras, Asst. Commissioner/ Executive Officer (HR & CE) Incorporated and unincorporated Dewaswom, Suchindrum, dated 22 September 1987 and 10 December 1988.

Administration of Justice -1987-88, Home Department Policy note.

Report from the Commissioner of Labour, Madras, dated 3 October 1988

Tamil Nadu Police – Directorate of Information and Public Relations, Madras.

Report from the Inspector-General of Prisons, dated 8 July 1988.

G.O. M9. No. 541, Public Works Department, dated 23 March 1970.

GO.Rt.No.622, Public Works Department, dated 21 March 1977.

(i) Reports received from the Executive Engineer PWD Kanniyakumari

Division, Nagercoil, dated, 23 July 1987.

Organisation chart given by the Chief Engineer, Public Works Department, Madras.

Hand Book on Registration Department – issued by the Inspector General of Registration, Madras.

Reports from the General Manager (Admin) TNCSC, dated 3 October and 20 December 1988.

The Chairman, Tamil Nadu Electricity Board, Madras, dated 4 January 1989.

Reports from the Chairman, Tamil Nadu Housing Board, Madras, 6 October and 20 December 1988.

Reports dated 25 June 1986 and 4 January 1989 from the Managing Director Warehousing Corporation, Madras.

Secretary, Tamil Nadu Wakf Board, Madras, dated 16 December 1988.

Report from the Chairman, Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board, Madras, dated 19 January 1989.

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